COINS OF JOHOR (1527-1800)
During the course of the 16th century, the Malay Empire of Johor developed trade coinages in gold that were accepted throughout a large part of South East Asia. These were based upon two denominations, the Mas and the Kupang, which eventually became standardised as the half and the eighth part of the Spanish dollar. Tin cash (or Katun) were also minted locally and were of several types. These were used as small change at the market.
|Doits of the Dutch East India Company (VOC)|
Towards the later part of the 18th century, the locally minted currency of the Johor Empire was superseded by the copper Doits of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). This was followed by the introduction of the copper coinage of the British East India Company at the turn of the 18th century. Chinese cash coins were also being freely circulated by the Chinese merchants. By the 1830's, all of these coins (including the Spanish silver dollar) became the principal coinage of Johor. The merchant tokens of Singapore (cockerel type, etc.) were widely used in Johor to serve as small change.
|The merchant tokens of Singapore||.Collection Of Mahadevan.|
In the 16th century, the state of Johor issued two gold coins of different denominations; the Mas, equivalent to half of a Spanish Dollar and the Kupang, worth only one-eight of a Spanish Dollar. Tin cash or katun were minted and used locally. The first gold coins were issued during the reign of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah I (1527-1564). There were octagonal in shape and inscribed on the obverse with the name of the Sultan and with his title Khalifatul Mukminin (Vice-Gerent of the Faithful) on the revese. This issues ceased with reign of Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (1722-1760). According to the Anglo-Johor treaty of 1885, all currency apart from the Straits Settlement coinage was withdrawn from circulation.
DUIT SYILING NEGERI JOHOR (1527-1800)
Sepanjang tempoh kurun ke-16, Kerajaan Melayu Johor telah mengeluarkan duit syiling perdagangan daripada emas yang diterima secara menyeluruh di sebahagian besar Asia Tenggara. Duit-duit syiling ini terdiri daripada dua kadar nilai, Mas dan Kupang yang kemudiannya telah menjadi ukuran yang setara dengan setengah dan lapan bahagian Dolar Sepanyol. Duit syiling timah ( atau katun) juga ditempa dalam negeri dan terdiri daripada beberapa jenis. Ianya digunakan sebagai duit tukaran kecil di pasar.
|Doit tembaga Syarikat Hindia Timur Belanda (VOC|
Duit Syiling Emas dan Timah
|Collection Of mnfaj|
(Source - Bank Negara Malaysia, 1995. Pameran Matawang Perdagangan Kepulauan Melayu (18 Mei - 14 Jun 1995) Unit Muzium Matawang, Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, p. 33.)